Uneven skin coloring is not a very attractive trait, especially in women. This may be caused by staying too long under the sunlight or pock marks due to pimples or even skin irritation. One of the best ways to even out the color and texture of the skin is using skin lightening gels.
These products sometimes contain face lightening components which reduces melanin or inhibits its over production. Melanin is a natural pigment found in our skin which protects us from the harsh ultraviolet rays of the sun by darkening the hue of ours skins.
There are several products nowadays which mimic the protective feature of melanin like sun block lotions or face creams. Now, you can maintain your fair complexion but still shield your skin from the harmful heat of the sun.
Important Ingredients to Look Out For
There are several components of skin whitening products that will ensure its effectiveness. When shopping for a skin lightening gel, here are some of the things that you need to look out for.
- Hydroquinone – Besides having anti-oxidant capabilities, this natural chemical actually inhibits melanin production in the body. Unfortunately, some countries have banned products containing this compound because of reported adverse effects. Manufacturers have argued that the negative outcomes are due to over-using it so one has to be careful about the amounts used. Of course, there are natural alternatives to hydroquinone. Herbal preparations with mulberry, bearberry, licorice and azelaic acid are only some face lightening products which does not give rise to skin irritation like hydroquinone does to some people.
- Kojic Acid – Like Hydroquinone, this also inhibits melanin production. Fortunately, this does not have a bad rep like the first ingredient because this is derived from the famous Japanese drink, Sake. Like everything under the sun, too much of a bad thing is good for you. It is said that large amounts of Kojic Acid in your skin whitening product may be carcinogen (Cancer-causing)
- Azelaic Acid – This is found mainly in grain products like rye, barley and wheat. Although its primary objective is to eradicate bacterial growth in skin, researchers have found out that it lightens the skin too.
- Alpha-Hydroxy Acid – From the term itself, this component of skin lightening gels help slough off dead skin cells which may be the primary cause of hyper-pigmentation. This is more often found in exfoliant products. You need a professional (dermatologist) when doing this skin whitening therapy to ensure your safety.
- Vitamin C – This is indeed a wonder vitamin. Aside from inhibiting melanin production in the body, it helps the skin look youthful and healthy. Some physicians even suggest a daily dose of Vitamin C.
These are only some components of skin lightening gels that you should look for. Dermatologists would know the suitable amounts of one ingredient in your skin lightening gel. You should also ask about the correct usage of these products to prevent adverse reactions or future skin complications.